Cross-Cultural and Gender Differences in Weighting Individual Input for Group Emotion Judgment

[Speaker] Lee, Donghoon:1
[Co-author] Kim, Sewon:1, Kim, Bia:1, Hyunjung, Shin:1, Myeong-ho, Sohn:2, Richard, Carlson A:3
1:Pusan National University (Korea(Republic of Korea)), 2:The George Washington University (United States of America), 3:Pennsylvania State University (United States of America)

Differences across cultures and genders in recognition of individual emotion have been well documented. However, it is not clear how culture and gender affect the perception of collective emotion. In this study, 75 European Americans (35 males) and 71 East-Asian Koreans (35 males) judged the group emotion of eight faces as positive or negative. Four groups of stimulus were used: 1) Strongly Happy (6 happy and 2 neutral faces), 2) Moderately Happy group (4 happy, 2 neutral and 2 sad faces), 3) Moderately Sad group (4 sad, 2 neutral and 2 happy faces), and 4) Strongly Sad group (6 sad and 2 neutral faces). Americans judged the Moderately Happy and Moderately Sad groups more negatively than Koreans. Further, among Koreans, females showed a negative bias. We argue that the evolutionary and sociocultural adaptation may produce differences in coping with individual emotions within a group.
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