X-gender: A Japanese Concept of a Gender Identity That is Not Explicitly Female or Male

[Speaker] Yamada, Sonomi:1
1:Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University (Japan)

This study introduces a Japanese concept: X-gender. X-gender means a gender identity that is not explicitly female or male. Previous studies have focused only on transgender persons who have a strong cross-gender identification. However, in 2008, when the DSM-5 was published by the American Psychiatric Association, Gender Identity Disorder in the DSM-IV-TR changed to Gender Dysphoria, that emphasizes incongruence between one's experienced/expressed gender and assigned gender. The key to understanding gender dysphoric people is to investigate not only those who are typically transgender but also persons who have non-male/female gender identity. In this study, four individuals who have non-male/female gender identity (including two X-genders) were interviewed. In conclusion, the following three points were suggested: 1) X-genders do not always call themselves X-gender positively, 2) the difficulties of coming out, and 3) the pain of the gap between gender identity and gender role.
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