Cross-cultural study of caregiver burden for Alzheimer's disease in Japan and Taiwan: result from Dementia Research in Kumamoto and Tainan (DeReKaT)

[Speaker] Matsushita, Masateru:1
[Co-author] Pai, Ming Chyi:2, Koyama, Asuka:3, Ikeda, Manabu:3
1:Center for Medical Education and Research, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University (Japan), 2:Division of Behavioral Neurology, Department of Nuerology, National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan), 3:Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University (Japan)

Background: Caregiver burden (CB) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in Taiwan is becoming a social problem as well as that in Japan.
Methods: The participants were 343 outpatients with AD and their caregivers of Japan and Taiwan. We assessed the CB using the Japanese and Mandarin Chinese version of Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (ZBI). After assessing the measurement invariance with the factor analysis and multiple-group structural equation modeling (MG-SEM), we compared the latent factor means of ZBI between Japan and Taiwan.
Results: The factor analysis extracted 3 factors; Impact on caregiver's life, Embarrassed/anger, and Dependency. The MG-SEM indicated the partial scalar measurement invariance. The score of Impact on caregiver's life in Taiwanese caregivers was significantly higher than that in Japanese. However, Dependency in Taiwanese caregivers was lower than that in Japanese.
Conclusions: The results suggested that the different type of support might be needed to reduce the CB in both countries.
Advanced Search