Posttraumatic stress symptom and secondary victimization of Japanese motor vehicle accident victims

[Speaker] Fujita, Goro:1
[Co-author] Ueda, Tsutsumi:2, Yanagita, Tami:3, Kaise, Chisato:3, Sato, Manami:3,4, Okamura, Kazuko:1, Kosuge, Ritsu:1
1:National Research Institute of Police Science (Japan), 2:National Police Agency (Japan), 3:Taisho University (Japan), 4:Victims Support Center of Tokyo (Japan)

In this study, 435 Japanese adults who were severely injured in the motor vehicle accident (MVA) were surveyed 1.8 years after the accident to access posttraumatic stress symptom and experience of secondary victimization. The results indicated that nearly half of the participants had major posttraumatic stress symptom and that less than ten percent of the participants felt to have been treated or responded insensitively or inappropriately by the professionals such as law enforcement officer and the medical personnel. Moreover, more than two thirds of the participants reported that they were treated or responded kindly or sympathetically in the post-accident period. The results of the study suggest that secondary victimization of MVA victims has been reduced notably for the last two decades in Japan. However, the results suggest possible relationship between experience of secondary victimization and persistent mental health problem of MVA victims.
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