The association between mental, physical, and social components in leisure activities and cognitive function in octogenarian -findings from the SONIC study-

[Speaker] Kozono, Marina:1
[Co-author] Gondo, Yasuyuki:1, Ogawa, Madoka:3, Ishioka, Yoshiko:4, Nakagawa, Takeshi:1, Masui, Yukie:2, Inagaki, Hiroki:2, Tabuchi, Megumi:5, Ikebe, Kazunori:1, Kamide, Kei:1, Arai, Yasumichi:4, Ishizaki, Tatsuro:2, Takahashi, Ryutaro:2
1:Osaka University (Japan), 2:Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology (Japan), 3:Hokkaido University (Japan), 4:Keio University (Japan), 5:Kwansei Gakuin University (Japan)

Previous research has shown significant associations between leisure activities and cognitive function among older adults. However, it seems unclear which components of leisure activities directly affect cognition. This study examined the association between the components of leisure activities and cognitive function in 973 participants from SONIC study in Japan, aged 79-81 years. Data comprised free descriptions regarding various leisure activities engaged in previous one week. These activities were evaluated based on the activity index score, which has mental, physical, and social components. Cognitive ability was assessed with the Japanese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment. The results indicate that currently engaging in more activities including the mental component was associated with better cognitive function. These findings suggest that performing a variety of activities including more than one component is more beneficial than engaging in only one type of activity.
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