Traffic and Transportation Psychology in Indonesia: A study on Indonesian drivers behavior in selected cities

[Speaker] Hanum, Nadia:1
[Co-author] Reschke, Konrad:1
1:Departement of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Institute of Psychology University of Leipzig, Germany (Germany)

The number of vehicle in Indonesia during ten years increased rapidly. By increasing number of vehicles can cause problems on the highway as traffic congestion, such as bad driving practices. Lack of methods to analyze the driving behavior then the Manchester Driving Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) was used by translating into Indonesian so the characteristic of Indonesian drivers can be found. DBQ was answered by 299 drivers in three cities (Jakarta (N=135), Semarang (N=98) and Yogyakarta(N=66)). Drivers behavior was described by the scales: Aggressive Violation; Ordinary Violation; Errors; Lapses. The result of cluster analysis was found that the characteristics of Indonesian drivers, are cluster 1 Nonaggressive Drivers (N=98), cluster 2 Normal Drivers (N=64) and cluster 3 Aggressive Drivers (N=136). The conclusion are, Indonesian drivers can be categorized as aggressive drivers and with this characteristic of driving can increase the risk of accidents caused by human error.
Keywords: driving behavior, traffic psychology
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