Senior drivers' self-monitoring of driving in urban, suburban, and rural areas

[Speaker] Yamagishi, Misako:1
1:Institute of Innovation for Future Society, Nagoya University (Japan)

We collect data from 324 drivers aged 50 to 94 years as a part of Nagoya COI (Center of Innovation) program. The data include visual functions (static and kinetic visual acuity, night vision, visual field, and contrast sensitivity), cognitive performances (working memory, attention, task switching, and planning), driving aptitude using the Lecture for Elderly Drivers in Japan, self-monitoring (driving habits, changes in driving ability, driving style, workload sensitivity, and adaptive behavior) and driving behavior. This study focused on the age-related and residential differences in self-monitoring. Findings revealed differences between younger and older drivers in terms of changes in driving ability and adaptive behaviors. Drivers in urban and suburban areas provided higher scores on adaptive behaviors than those in rural area. These findings suggest that the differences in older drivers' types regarding driving may be associated with public transportation systems and traffic environment.
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