Influences of Internal Working Models, Family Functions and Gender Differences on Loneliness in Japanese University Students

[Speaker] Fujimori, Akihito:1
[Co-author] Hayashi, Hideki:1, Fujiwara, Yoji:2
1:Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare (Japan), 2:Takahashi (Japan)

This study examined the influences of internal working models (IWM), family functions and gender differences on loneliness in Japanese university students. The following questionnaires were administered: UCLA Loneliness Scale, IWM Scale and Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale III. Multiple regression analyses by stepwise method were employed to examine the relationship between the dependent variable (loneliness) and the independent variables (sex, IWM, family functions). The results showed that gender differences had a significant influence on loneliness. Furthermore, loneliness was positively influenced by an avoidant and ambivalent attachment style and negatively influenced by a stable attachment style and family cohesion. A significant interaction was also observed between a secure attachment style and family cohesion. These results indicate that a stable attachment style might reduce loneliness. On the other hand, in spite of an unstable attachment style, a sense of loneliness could be decreased if family cohesion is high.
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