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Poster
PS26P-12-399

Trypophobia can be predicted by disgust sensitivity, empathic traits, and visual discomfort

[Speaker] Furuno, Manami:1
[Co-author] Imaizumi, Shu:1,2, Hibino, Haruno:1, Koyama, Shinichi:1
1:Chiba University (Japan), 2:Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Japan)

Disgust related to a cluster of objects is referred to as "trypophobia," and is considered an extension of disgust for dangerous objects, scars, and sores. Trypophobic images possess properties that cause visual discomfort (e.g., pattern glare). We assumed that trypophobia might be associated with disgust sensitivity, empathy (including emotional contagion), and visual discomfort. An online survey was conducted with 126 adults, who completed four questionnaires: the Trypophobia Questionnaire (TQ; Le et al., 2015), Disgust Scale-Revised (DS-R; Olatunji et al., 2007), Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980), and Visual Discomfort Scale (VDS; Conlon et al., 1999). A multiple regression analysis revealed that TQ scores were positively predicted by Core Disgust (a subscale of the DS-R), Personal Distress (a subscale of the IRI), and VDS scores (R2 = .20; β = .24, .23, and .23, respectively; ps < .01). Thus, trypophobia may be associated with disgust for threatening objects and visual discomfort.
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