Program

Poster
PS26P-12-397

PREDICTORS OF TREATMENT DROPOUT IN DEPRESSED OUTPATIENTS: THE ALTERNATIVE FIVE FACTOR MODEL

[Speaker] Gomà-i-freixanet, Montserrat:1
[Co-author] Ramos-grille, Irene:1,2, Aragay, Nuria:2, Valero, Sergi:3, Valles, Vicenç:2, Guillamar, Roser:2
1:Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain (Spain), 2:Dept of Mental Health, Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa (Spain), 3:Dept of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, CIBERSAM (Spain)

Introduction
Premature termination is common among patients treated for depression with psychotherapy.
Aims
This study examines personality predictors of dropout from treatment in adult depressed outpatients.
Methods
Eighty-one depressed outpatients completed the Spanish version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ). All patients attended a group-based CBT program for depression. After treatment, patients were categorized in groups: completers vs. dropouts.
Results
Comparing treatment completers vs. dropouts, the dropout group had significantly higher scores on Neuroticism-Anxiety and on Infrequency scale (this scale is used to detect inattention to the task or simply as a validity measure for the individual test-taker). Infrequency scores emerged as a significant predictor of dropout.
Conclusions
Depressed outpatients with higher scores on ZKPQ Infrequency scale are at higher risk of premature termination. These patients may require modified treatment strategies and tailoring care based on individual personality characteristics.
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