Program

Poster
PS26P-07-303

The determinants of the relative strength of communal versus exchange norms in close relationships: Self-esteem and relational mobility

[Speaker] Miyazaki, Genta:1
[Co-author] Saeki, Daisuke:2, Ikegami, Tomoko:2, Yada, Naoya:2
1:Rikkyo University (Japan), 2:Osaka City University (Japan)

As a rule for giving and receiving benefits in their close relationships, people usually prefer communal norms to exchange norms. In this study, the determinants of the relative strength of communal versus exchange norms in close relationships were explored via an online survey with a sample of 1,000 Japanese adults. Participants completed self-esteem and relational mobility scales, identified a relational partner with whom they interact most frequently, and indicated the extent to which they adhered to communal and exchange norms in the relationship. We analyzed the data of 617 participants who nominated a friend or romantic partner. Results revealed that lower self-esteem decreased the relative strength of communal versus exchange norms in friendships, although the effect was observed only in interpersonal environments with low relational mobility. This suggests that people choose between the two norms according to their own relational value and the possibility of forming new friendships.
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