The relationships between two kinds of sensitivity to exclusion and feelings of guilt and prosocial behavior

[Speaker] Furukawa, Yoshiya:1
[Co-author] Nakashima, Ken'ichiro:1, Morinaga, Yasuko:1
1:Hiroshima University (Japan)

Our previous research has shown that two kinds of sensitivity to exclusion, rejection sensitivity (Downey & Feldman, 1996) and rejection detection capability (Kawamoto et al., 2015), had distinct effects on guilt. While people with higher rejection sensitivity felt more guilt, even when they were unlikely to be excluded, people with higher rejection detection capability felt more guilt only when they were likely to be excluded. The present study showed that those two kinds of sensitivity also influenced prosocial behavior, which was a way of dealing with interpersonal problems. Higher rejection detection capability increased guilt (β = .28, p <.001), which led to more prosocial behavior (β= .29, p < .001) in a situation with a high possibility of exclusion. Neither direct nor indirect effects of rejection sensitivity on prosocial behavior were observed. How the two kinds of sensitivity affect guilt, prosocial behavior and interpersonal conflicts were discussed.
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