Infant-caregiver interactions in Japanese infant homes: Focusing on infant holding

[Speaker] Kurogi, Saki:1
[Co-author] Aoki, Kikuyo:1, Shimada, Kyoko:2, Yokoyama, Ryoko:2, Otsuka, Miyuki:1
1:Ochanomizu university (Japan), 2:Shirayuri Baby Home, Shinseikai (Japan)

Infant homes in Japan focus on high-quality care that emphasize attachment and promote small-group care. However, previous international studies have reported that institutional care produces an early interaction style distortion (Bakermans-Kranenburg et al., 2011). This exploratory study examined the occurrence of these problems in Japanese infant homes. Among the interactions, this study focused on the basic exchange of early and repeated holding of infants every day. This behavior was evaluated with 19 infants (age: 1-12 months), once a month, for four months. Twenty items such as eye contact and posture were evaluated. The results contradicted previous findings that in comparison with home-reared children, infants in institutional care were held more unnaturally and reared more awkwardly. Instead, the present study provides evidence that institutional care infants can benefit from the everyday holding of responsible caregivers. This will encourage infants to acquire an appropriate early interaction style.
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