Embodied strategy in a mental rotation task is more advantageous for females

[Speaker] Makinae, Shiika:1
[Co-author] Kasai, Tetsuko:2
1:Graduate of Education,Hokkaido University (Japan), 2:Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University (Japan)

Previous studies have shown that adding a head to aligned cubes increases behavioral performance in mental rotation tasks, reflecting that the cubes are regarded as human body (embodied cognition). In the present study, we compared behavioral performances of males from those of females in a mental rotation task with cubes, to which faces were added or not. The form of cubes were also manipulated such that it could be imitated or not as postures. The task was to judge whether a pair of cubes was the same or not. The results indicate that embodied strategy was useful to perform the task for both males and females. However, the effects of embodied cognition for females were equal to or greater than those for males. Therefore, this study suggests that using embodied strategy is more advantageous for females, who are generally considered to have less ability in spatial cognition.
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