Sandtray Applied into the Assessment of Resilience of College Students of China

[Speaker] Wang, Dan:1
[Co-author] Zhang, Risheng:2
1:The University of Hong Kong (China (People's Republic of China)), 2:School of Psychology of Beijing Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

Trait approach definition of resilience defines it as a set of personality traits that can aid individuals to "bounce back" from stress and disasters or to successfully cope with adverse situations. The current study tried to use sandtray to evaluate college students' psychological resilience. 107 undergraduates recruited from three comprehensive universities of China were required to make an initial sandtray and to complete the Ego-Resiliency Scale (ER89) respectively. Based on previous studies, a General Sandtray Coding Manual (GSCM) was firstly developed with "clinical/intuitive" and experimental mixed methods, comprising 21 objective categories and 7 subjective categories. Next, correlation analysis and regression analysis were used between all GSCM categories and ER89, and three categories (vitality, water types, and relationships) were extracted, forming a four point Likert-type Sandtray Projective Test of Resilience (SPTR). Spearman rank correlation reveals SPTR dimensions and total score all have relatively high inter-rater reliability, ranging from 0.89 to 0.93.
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