How social support and sense of community mediate between social participation and subjective well-being in different age groups: Based on a mail survey in a suburban area in Japan

[Speaker] Sugawara, Ikuko:1
1:The University of Tokyo (Japan)

This study examines the pathways between neighborhood social participation and subjective well-being through adulthood. The mediating effects of neighborhood social support and a psychological sense of community were analyzed to see whether these variables mediate similarly with young, middle-aged, or older adults. A mail survey was conducted with 1,735 people aged 20 and older, living in a suburban part of Tokyo, Japan. The results revealed, overall, a positive association between participation in neighborhood activities and subjective well-being, which were mediated both by the availability of social support from neighbors and a sense of community. The mediation effect of the sense of community did not differ much in the different age groups. In contrast, the mediation effect of social support was smaller for younger adults compared to older adults. These results suggest the importance of the life-stage perspective in the study of the socio-psychological effect of neighborhood on well-being.
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