Program

Oral

COGNITIVE STYLE AND GENDER DIFFERENCES IN WAYFINDING

[Speaker] Naurzalina, Danna:1
[Co-author] Davletkalieva, Elizabeth:2, Kulbayeva, Bakit:3, Almurzayeva, Bibigul:3, Aymaganbetova, Olga:4, Magsumova, Olessya:5, Amanbayeva, Elmira:6
1:Turan University (Kazakhstan), 2:Aktobe Institute of Advanced Studies Orleu (Kazakhstan), 3:K. Zhubanov ARSU (Kazakhstan), 4:al-Farabi KazNU (Kazakhstan), 5:Military Institution of Air Defence Forces named after twice hero of Soviet Union hero Talgat Begeldinov (Kazakhstan), 6:KazNAU (Kazakhstan)

The purpose of a study is examining connection between FI (Field independent)/ FD (Field dependent) and wayfinding, N=120, Me(age)=29.7, 57 males and 63 females. The questionnaire "How do you navigate in Almaty", Pointing Task (PT), Kim's modification of text structure test "Wolf", BSRI are used. Key landmarks for most of examinees (85%) are large trade houses and shopping malls. Males use in their navigation reference points and cardinal directions. Males tend to make less mistakes in wayfinding than females, significant correlation between results of PT and sex is (.274**). The hypothesis about influence of cognitive style on wayfinding wasn't proved. Field independent (FI) participant spend less time on testing compare with field dependant (FD) participant. Drivers show better results than pedestrian (-.359**). Thus, FI (Field independent) and FD (field dependant) participants has no significant differences in wayfinding. Males tend to make less mistakes in wayfinding than females.
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