National Identity And Anti-Immigrant Attitudes: The Case Of Russia

[Speaker] Grigoryan, Lusine K:1
1:Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (Germany)

This study reveals the structure of national identity in Russia, and tests the effects of different components of national identity on attitudes to immigrants. I hypothesize that there are three distinct components of national identity that are differently associated with anti-immigrant attitudes: nationalism (positively), cultural patriotism (no association), and political patriotism (negatively). On a sample of 856 participants, I tested and confirmed the hypothesized structure of national identity through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. I then tested the effects of three components of national identity on attitudes to immigrants, and found all the expected associations. I then explored the underlying mechanism of the positive effect of political patriotism on attitudes to immigrants, and found that this link exists only among people with higher subjective material wellbeing. The study offers a possible explanation for prior controversial evidence regarding the role of patriotism in attitudes towards immigrants.
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