mHealth Interventions are promising for increasing medication adherence among people with serious mental illness: Results from a systematic review

[Speaker] Xiong, Peng:1
[Co-author] Wu, Tat Leong:1, Hall, Brian J:1,2
1:University of Macau (Macao), 2:Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (United States of America)

Medication adherence is crucial to effectively manage serious mental illness (SMI). Increasing evidence suggests that mHealth interventions improve adherence for various populations. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of mHealth interventions to promote the adherence for people with SMI. We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, and five eligible papers were identified among 944, with four from the USA and one from Spain. One study showed that mHealth intervention was feasible and acceptable among people with SMI. Limited evidence suggested that mHealth intervention was promising. Daily text messages and weekly telephone calls increased adherence after 3-6 months intervention. Generally, there were few studies that quantified the effectiveness of mHealth inventions for medication adherence among people living with SMI. Future work is needed to expand the mHealth intervention research on treatment adherence for people with SMI and this work should be expanded to low- and middle-income countries.
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