The Relationship between Stereotype Threat and Subjective Well-being of Migrant Children and its Psychological Mechanism

[Speaker] Wen, Fangfang:1
[Co-author] Zuo, Bin:1, Fang, Zeming:1, Wu, Yang:1, Sun, Shan:1
1:Central China Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

Previous research on migrant children mostly focused on negative emotion problems and problem behaviors, yet relatively little attention is paid to variables in positive psychology, such as well-being. Moreover, relevant research only explored one mediator rather than multiple mediation mechanism. To study the effect of migrant children's perceived stereotype threat on their well-being, as well as the effects of social support and self-esteem, the current study tested the direct relation between migrant children's stereotype threat and their subjective well-being, as well as the mediating effects of social support and self-esteem. A valid sample of 452 migrant children participated in the study and completed a questionnaire. The results showed that (1) stereotype threat significantly predicted migrant children's subjective well-being; (2) the relationship between stereotype threat and migrant children's subjective well-being was partially mediated by social support and self-esteem; and self-esteem showed a more pronounced effect in the mediation model.
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