A psychological approach to TB prevention: A questionnaire survey with Japanese adults

[Speaker] Akishinonomiya, Kiko:1
1:Ochanomizu University (Japan)

Tuberculosis (TB) is often described as “a disease of the past” in Japan. It remains an intractable public health issue, however, with a higher incidence in Japan than in most other developed countries. Substantial efforts are therefore needed, with effective prevention programs driven by empirically validated theories. This section reviews Japan’s TB control and prevention programs, and presents a study that seeks to examine psychological factors affecting TB prevention behaviors, based on key models of health behaviors. A random sample of 911 Japanese aged 20 and over responded to a range of questions covering their knowledge of TB, emotional reactions, underlying critical thinking disposition, and TB prevention intentions and behaviors. A hypothesized model, along with cognitive and affective factors as the proximal determinants of TB preventive behaviors, will be introduced, and other findings will be shared. The implications for effective programs to enhance TB preventive behaviors will be discussed.
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