Key issues that inform road safety education programs for school age children in Australia: an example of a research based program.

[Speaker] Sheehan, Mary C:1
1:Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Queensland (CARRS-Q), Queensland University of Technology (Australia)

In Australia road safety education is State based and strongly supported by Government and relevant organisations. New programs are constantly being developed and established approaches modified and changed.
In this presentation approaches to education are summarised according to the use of factors related to psychological theory and knowledge. These include age appropriateness in terms of cognitive development and the relevance of the road safety task. Some programs also draw on evidence based psychological theories of behaviour change. In all cases there is difficulty measuring effectiveness in terms of the direct impact on safety and consequently the focus of many programs is on awareness, knowledge and attitude change measured by self-report. The presentation will illustrate these issues by describing an intervention called the Skills for Preventing Injury in Youth (SPIY), the psychological principles underlying its design and implementation and the evaluation of its effectiveness in reducing risk taking behaviours and injuries.
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