Program

CS26-16-2

Gender Nonconformity and mental health among lesbian, gay and bisexual adults: Homophobic stigmatization and internalized homophobia as mediators

[Speaker] Van Beusekom, Gabriël:1
[Co-author] Kuyper, Lisette:2, Sandfort, Theo Gm:3
1:University of Amsterdam (Netherlands), 2:Netherlands Institute for Social Research (Netherlands), 3:Columbia University, New York (United States of America)

We assessed among a sample of 748 Dutch lesbian, gay and bisexual adults (Mage = 31.47) whether experiences with homophobic stigmatization and internalized homophobia account (i.e., mediate) for the relation between gender nonconformity and mental health. We explored sex and age differences in the hypothesized mediated relations. Bootstrapped multiple mediation analysis indicated that homophobic stigmatization and internalized homophobia partially mediated the relation between gender nonconformity and mental health. Gender nonconformity was related to more mental health problems via increased experiences with homophobic stigmatization. Furthermore, gender nonconformity was also related to less mental health problems, because of reduced scores on internalized homophobia. Bootstrapped moderated-mediation analyses showed that for GB males only, gender nonconformity is a risk factor for mental health, because of increased levels of homophobic stigmatization. Especially, for older LGB adults, gender nonconformity was also a protective factor against mental health, because of decreased levels of internalized homophobia.
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