Lonely in silence: focus on the hearing-impaired adolescents.The effect of self-esteem on social avoidance, the mediation effects of social distress.

[Speaker] Wu, Linhua:1
[Co-author] Zhang, Risheng:1
1:Beijing Normal University (China (People's Republic of China))

Social avoidance is a kind of behavior tendency to avoid facing up with social situations. Social distress includes uncomfortable and negative emotional feelings that individual experiences in social occasions.
The purpose of this study is to investigate: 1) the different of self-esteem and social anxiety between normal and hearing-impaired adolescents. 2) the relation of self-esteem, social avoidance and distress. Participants were 659 Chinese middle school students, including 337 normal adolescents and 322 hearing-impaired adolescents. In school or on-line, participants completed Rosenberg self-esteem Scale (SES), Social avoidance and distress Scale (SAD).
One-way ANOVA and regression analyses showed that: 1)Compared with normal adolescents, hearing-impaired adolescents' self-esteem are significant lower, and their social avoidance and distress are significant higher. 2)The self-esteem is significantly negative correlated with social avoidance and distress. Self-esteem has a direct effect on social avoidance, and through social distress, has an indirect effect on social avoidance.
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